Our network: Guides | Hotels
Saturday 20 July 2024
Italiano English
Sumup POS
Valle di Assisi
La Rosetta Hotel & Restaurant, Perugia

Fontana Maggiore

The Piazza Grande (now Piazza IV Novembre) has always been the urban, political and monumental fulcrum of Perugia. It was the central square of the Etruscan city, and the Forum when Perugia passed under the dominion of Rome. The city's main streets crossed here and this is the meeting the point where the five strade regali roads began and spread outwards during the Medieval development of the town.

The square was at one time occupied by the bishop’s citadel, but this was demolished to pave the way for the public buildings of the free city.

The symbol of the free city of Perugia, the fountain that stands at the centre of the square is considered one of the finest still in existance.

It was completed between 1275 and 1278, at the arrival point of the Monte Pacciano acqueduct. Fra Bevignate supervised construction, which was carried out by the Pisan sculpturers Nicola (father) and Giovanni (son) Pisano. The fountain is made up of two polygonal basins in white and pink stone, placed one above the other. This structure is in turn surmounted by a bronze basin with a group of three bronze nymphs holding an urn, from where the water gushes. Probably later in date, this group was once topped by four griffins that have since been dismounted and are now housed in the Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria.

The panels on the lower basin represent salient episodes from the Old Testament (the seduction of Adam by Eve, and of Samson by Delilah). The founding of Rome, a major example for Perugia, is also featured, as well as a kind of agricultural calendar with the related astrological signs. These are followed by the seven “liberal arts” and a personification of Philosophy. Between the “mechanical” and the “liberal arts” is the griffin, Perugia's heraldic symbol, and the lion, the symbol of the Guelph faction of which Perugia was a supporter. During the Middle Ages Italy was divided into two factions, the Guelphs who upheld the claims to temporal power of the Papacy, and the Ghibellines who believed that temporal power should be in the hands of the Holy Roman Emperor. Two eagles conclude the cycle and may lead one to the mistaken conclusion that they represent the symbols of the Holy Roman Emperor. Since the eagle is also the symbol of the city of Pisa, it is more likely that these panels act as Giovanni Pisano's signature.

The upper polygonal basin stands on 24 small columns, each surmounted by a statue. The statues represent characters from the mythological tale concerning the founding of Perugia, as well as references to its political and territorial role. Solomon and other biblical characters are in fact featured, including Moses, John the Baptist, the Archangel Michael and the Archpriest Melchisedech. There is also a personification of Rome, the Church, Theology and the saints Peter and Paul.

Fontana Maggiore
Piazza IV Novembre [old town centre]
Perugia, 06122

APM (Public municipal bus transport authority): stopped bus - Piazza Italia [only 200 meters away]
Linea 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13s, 13d, 15, 81, 82, 83, 87, bis28, bis33, bis34, bis41, bis44

Disabled access available

Have a comment or question?
Send a message to our editors at: contactus@perugiaonline.com

Casa del Cioccolato Perugina®

  General information
General travel tips 
Weather information  
Tourist guides and visit guided in Umbria 
Local opening times 
Useful - emergency numbers 
Perugia for living 
Hospital Perugia 
Hospital Foligno 
Real Estates and Home Builders 
Homes for sale, property, apartments selling 

  Transport in town
Traffic restrictions 
Buses & Taxis 
Town map 
How to reach Perugia by car 
How to reach Perugia by train 
How to reach Perugia by Air 

  Transport out of town
Rent a car 
Local and national buses 

Hotel Tevere Perugia

  Where to Stay
Farm Holidays and Country Houses 
Wellness, SPA & Resort 
Apartments and Rooms for Rent 
Bed & Breakfast 
Religious Boarding Houses 
Historic Residences 
Camper - Motorhome 

Last Minute Perugia 
Advance Bookings 

  Where to eat and drink
Restaurants and Trattorie 

Hotel San Sebastiano Perugia

  Art and monuments
Rocca Paolina 
Ipogeo dei Volumni 
Etruscan town walls 
Palazzo dei Priori 
Porta Sant' Angelo 
Maesta delle Volte 
Collegio della Mercanzia 
Collegio del Cambio 
Fontana Maggiore 

  Art and religion
Cathedral of San Lorenzo 
Church of San Filippo Neri 
Oratory of San Bernardino 
Church of Sant' Ercolano 
Church of San Domenico 
Church of San Pietro 


  Museums and galleries
Historic Museum Perugina 
Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria 
Museo Archeologico 
Palazzo della Penna 
Accademia delle Belle Arti 
Museo di Storia Naturale 
Museo Capitolare San Lorenzo 
Cappella di San Severo 

  Art and tourist attractions
Palazzo Capitano del Popolo 
Botanical garden 

  Perugia News
Sorry, non news - i soggetti interessati a far conoscere le iniziative che avranno luogo nell'ambito del territorio comunale sono invitati a darne comunicazione con congruo anticipo utilizzando l'email redazione@umbriaonline.com
All Perugia news

 Regional News by Category

Typical Products FAIRS

Villa Nuba Perugia

  What to see & do
Itineraries & Museums in Umbria 
Italian language courses 
The Amusement Park : La Citta della Domenica 
Golfing holidays 
Nature Walks Around Cascia:To Cascia via the Scoglio di Santa Rita, the vast rocky pyramid that dominates the village of Roccaporena 
Cooking courses 
Shopping in Perugia 
Perugia Hotel Tevere 
Assisi Villa Giulia 

  Lake Trasimeno
General Information 
The islands - boat tours 
Eating well by Lake Trasimene 
Where to stay by Lake Trasimene 
Bathing - Lake Trasimene 

La Rosetta Hotel & Restaurant, Perugia

  SPECIALS in Umbria - Italy
Gift Ideas for traveling 
Wellness in Umbria - Perugia area 
Weddings in Umbria 
Honeymooning in Umbria 
Charme & Relax in Umbria 
Home in Umbria 

Language schools for Foreigners 
Cooking schools 
University for Foreigners Perugia 
Design, Fashion, Visual arts and Communication Schools 
Perugia for Studying 
Italian Army Foreign Language School  
Arts, Music, etc. 

  Typical products
Norcia Ham IGP 
Extra Virgin Olive Oil  

  Flavours to taste
Salumi Tipici Italiani online selling 
Oleum Evo online selling 
Sapori Tipici Italiani buy now 
From the forest